traceability

(1) (metrological traceability) property of a measurement result relating the result to a stated metrological reference (free definition and not necessarily SI) through an unbroken chain of calibrations of a measuring system or comparisons, each contributing to the stated measurement uncertainty
(2) ability to trace the history, application or location of an object, a product or a service

References: 

(1) Joint Committee for Guides in Metrology (JCGM/WG 2) 200:2012 & ISO/IEC Guide 99-12:2007, International Vocabulary of Metrology – Basic and General Concepts and Associated Terms (VIM), http://www.bipm.org/en/publications/guides/vim.html

(2) ISO 9000:2015(en), Quality management systems - Fundamentals and vocabulary

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